Wednesday, December 26, 2007

Pigmentation (2)


Factors causing skin pigmentation:
-The internal disorders that cause pigmentation:
*Deficiency of iron, calcium, Vitamins A, E & B complex results in patchy and spotty discolouration of the skin.
*Lack of Vitamin A results in thickening and darkening of the skin.
-External factors:
*Excessive exposure to the sun — exposure to the sun without a shield,darkens the skin tone. The ultraviolet rays of the sun penetrate the skin and damage the skin cells also.
*Use of wrong cosmetics — certain make up products have chemical colours, creams that have mercury. These react adversely on the skin surface causing pigmentation.
*Oral medication — the drugs prescribed for high blood pressure, asthma, diabetes, insomnia, birth control and acne have an unfavourable effect on the skin causing spot pigmentation.

1) Protection from the sun: Always protect yourself from the sun.To protect yourself from tanning and pigmentation, use what we call a sun screen or sun block lotion even when indoors.
2) Bleaching and skin peeling:These are two effective methods followed by cosmetologists to clear up excessive pigmentation. This can be done by
*Using cosmetic creams available in the market usually going by the name of whitening creams.They usually contain exfoliating agents, anti-melanin production agents and sometimes even a UV filter.
*Visiting a professional salon and in consultation with the cosmetologist there, undergo a treatment to clear the pigmentation. A few sittings may be required.
3. Home remedies: Take 2 tablespoons of milk powder,add Hydrogen Peroxide enough to make a paste. Hydrogen Peroxide is usually available at the Chemist Shop (use a 20 volume strength only). To this paste, add a few drops of glycerine and apply it on the dark spots. Leave it on for about 20 minutes and then rinse it off. After rinsing, if the skin feels dry, use a moisturising lotion.
Break a Vitamin E capsule and mix in a few drops of castor oil and apply on deeply pigmented areas

and some more........

Scrubs and masks for skin peeling:

*Crush 1 tsp. of almonds and add 1 tsp of oatmeal. Mix this with 2 tablespoons of honey or milk. Gently rub this granular paste in a circular motion on your face for a few minutes. This removes all dead skin.


*Grate the skin of a Papaya and mix half cup of fuller's earth/besan. Take 2 Vitamin A capsules and mix into a paste. Apply on the face; keep for 20 minutes. When dry, pat with water or milk and rinse off. You can use these scrubs and masks at least once a week.

Do's and Don'ts:

*As soon as you find uneven skin tone in patches, include supplements of iron and calcium with the advise of a doctor. Include one green leafy vegetable at least once a day.

*Include curd and paneer generously.

*Have a Vitamin B complex capsule - at least for a month. These are harmless and have proved quite effective in a number of cases.

*Do not use cosmetics that have colouring agents. Avoid make-up, or make it minimum. Use a sun block lotion before going out.

*Avoid using oral birth control drugs and sleeping pills.

*Avoid distress and anxiety as much as possible. Meditate for at least 15 minutes a day

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